Music Technology Final Quiz Terms MUS 321 Schedule   William Wieland
  • Digital Audio File Formats (WAV, AIFF, MP3)
  • Cables (1/8", 1/4", MIDI, RCA, TRS, TS, USB, XLR) – See Cable: Buying Guide
  • Audio Connectors (Please view the links at the top of the page.) at
  • Microphones, monitors, and more—See Sweetwater Buying Guides
  • More about microphones at
  • How to Eliminate Feedback is one of the Audio Tutorials at
  • Graphic Files (BMP, GIF, JPG, PDF)
  • MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface)
    • 5 pin connectors
    • IN     OUT     THRU     (How are devices connected?)
    • Controller (Keyboard, Wheel, Drum, Mallet, Wind or Breath)
    • Channel (Channel 10 is Percussion)
    • General MIDI (GM)
    • Volume / Key Velocity
    • Note On / Note Off
  • Sequencer (Hardware or Software)
    • Loop
    • Quantize
    • Step Record
    • Track
  • SMPTE Time Code (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers)
  • Sample, Sampler, & Multisampling
  • Synthesizer (Hardware or Software) (Local On/Off)
  • Patch, Preset, Program, Sound, Instrument
  • Bank
  • Mixer or Console (Strip or Channel)
    • Trim/Input Gain/Attenuation (Clipping)
    • Phantom Power
    • EQ
    • Aux (e.g. Reverb)
    • Pan
    • Mute/Solo
    • Gain/Slider (often a fader, sometimes a knob)
    (See Sound Mixer Tutorials and Sound Quality at
  • Software Shortcuts:   Enter   Esc   Ctrl Z   Alt F4   Alt Tab
  • File Shortcuts:   Ctrl N   Ctrl O   Ctrl S   Ctrl P
  • Editing Shortcuts:   Ctrl X   Ctrl C   Ctrl V   Ctrl A
In addition to the terms listed above, be prepared to answer questions about
Carlos' Switched on Bach, Nancarrow's Music for Player Piano
and Reich's Come Out.

Finally, be able to show me the following:
  • the amount of RAM your computer has
  • your operating system
  • space available on your hard drive
  • information about your processor
Audio Connectors (Oversimplified)

XLR — Microphones (3 pins)

RCA — home stereos, videos, DVDs
    (red is right, yellow is video)

Phone Plugs
  • Mono — TS (Tip-Sleeve)
      (electric guitars and basses)
  • Stereo — TRS (Tip-Ring-Sleeve)
  • 1/8 inch (3.5 mm) — iPod size
  • 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) — electric guitar size
(Phone plugs can be 1/4 inch mono,
  1/4 inch stereo, 1/8 inch mono
  or 1/8 inch stereo.)