Masterpieces in a half hour or less William Wieland
Please choose an unfamiliar composition from the following list, go to the Naxos Music Library and listen to it. Write down the composer, the title, the number of the recording you heard and at least one comment about the music.

MIDDLE AGES
Bingen (1098–1179)most sacred songs are from 3 to 7 min.
Machaut (c.1300–77)Notre Dame Mass (1360s) c. 25 min.

RENAISSANCE
Josquin (c.1440–1521)Pange Lingua Mass (early 1500s) c. 30 min.
Palestrina (c.1525–94)Pope Marcellus Mass (1560s) c. 30 min.
Byrd (c.1543–1623)Ave Verum Corpus () c. 3 min.

BAROQUE
Purcell (1659–95)Dido and Aeneas (1689) c. 40 min., "Thy hand, Belinda" to the end is c. 10 min.
Vivaldi (1678–1741)The Four Seasons (1725) c. 10 min. per season
J.S. Bach (1685–1750)Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 (1718–21) c. 20 min.
B minor Mass (1749) c. 1 hour 45 min., the Kyrie is c. 18 min.
Handel (1685–1759)Water Music (1715–17) c. 30 min.

CLASSICAL
Haydn (1732–1809)String Quartet No. 62 "Emperor" (1788) c. 20 min., the 2nd movement is c. 8 min.
Mozart (1756–91)Symphony No. 40 (1788) c. 35 min., the 1st movement is c. 7 min.
Ave Verum Corpus (1791) c. 4 min.
Beethoven (1770–1827)Piano Sonata "Pathétique" (1799) c. 17 min.

ROMANTIC
Beethoven (1770–1827)Symphony No. 9 "Choral" (1824) c. 65 min., the 4th movement is c. 25 min.
Schubert (1797–1828)Erlking (1815) c. 5 min.
Liszt (1811–86)Les Preludes (1848–54) c. 16 min.
Brahms (1833–97)German Requiem (1868) c. 1 hour, each movement is between 6 & 12 min.
Symphony No. 4 (1886) c. 45 min., the 1st movement is c. 13 min.
Verdi (1813–1901)Requiem (1869–74) c. 2 hours, the opening of the Dies irae is c. 2 min.
Bizet (1838–75)Carmen (1875) c. 2 hours, the overture is c. 3 min.
Tchaikovsky (1840–93)Symphony No. 5 (1888) c. 47 min., the 2nd movement is c. 14 min.

IMPRESSIONISM
Debussy (1862–1918)Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun (1892–4) c. 10 min.

EXPRESSIONISM
Schoenberg (1874–1951)Pierrot lunaire (1912) c. 35 min., most numbers are c. 1 min.

PRIMITIVISM
Stravinsky (1882–1971)The Rite of Spring (1912) c. 35 min., each segment is from 1 to 3 min.

NEOCLASSICISM
Prokofiev (1876–1956)Classical Symphony (1917) c. 15 min.

AMERICANS
Gershwin (1898–1937)Rhapsody in Blue (1924) c. 15 min.
Copland (1900–90)Appalachian Spring (1944) c. 25 min.
Fanfare for the Common Man (1943) c. 3 min.

SERIALISM
Webern (1883–1945)Variations for Orchestra (1940) c. 7 min.

MINIMALISM
Adams (1947– )The Chairman Dances: Foxtrot for Orchestra (1985) c. 12 min.