LESSON PLAN TEMPLATE
|LESSON PLAN TITLE::||Understanding & Creating a Lakota Winter Count|
|DEVELOPED BY::||Alan L. Neville, Ed.D., Northern State University, Aberdeen, South Dakota|
|SUBJECT AREA:||Social Studies; South Dakota History; Art|
|TOPIC:||Lakota Winter Count|
|GRADE LEVEL:||Upper Elementary|
|TIME FRAME:||One class period, about 50 minutes|
|PREREQUISITES:||Students have conducted an Internet search of "winter count" and are generally familiar with what a winter count may have looked like, what it could have been made of, and the concept of a pictograph representing one year, from first snowfall to first snowfall.|
Fourth Grade History Standards:
3. Trace the history of South Dakota...impact of the gold rush;
controversy over statehood; and Indian Wars and reservation life.
Third & Fourth Grade Visual Arts Standards:
Standard Three: Students will understand the relationship
between visual arts and history, culture, and society.
1. Describe how selected works of art have recorded and
2. Describe the functions and uses of visual arts in a variety of
cultures and societies.
|ASSESSMENT:||Completed winter count and oral presentation.|
|TECHNOLOGY TO BE USED:||Internet research: search under "winter count," some notable Lakota winter counts are the "Big Missouri Winter Count" and "Lone Dog's Winter Count."|
Brown paper grocery sacks (your local
grocery store should provide these to you for free if you let them know
about your educational project); colored markers, colors, map pencils; yarn.
Cheney, R. C. (1998). Sioux winter count: A 131-year calendar of events. Happy Camp, CA: Naturegraph.
McCoy, R. (2002). Dakota resources: "A people without history is like wind on the buffalo grass": Lakota winter counts. South Dakota History, 32(1), 65-86.
Springer, P. (2005, March 6). Standing Rock man reviving tribal tradition of 'winter count.' Aberdeen American News, 2.
1. Review "what is a winter count?"
2. Discuss "what types of materials could a winter count be made of?"
3. Explain "what is a pictograph?" What are some examples of Lakota pictographs based on your Internet research? (Logical-Mathematical Intelligence)
4. Give each student a brown paper grocery sack and let them create their own winter count based on their life story, one picture for each year of their life; some years may be omitted. (Intrapersonal and Visual-Spatial Intelligences)
5. Have each student explain their winter count. This part of the lesson may require additional time or another class period to complete. (Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence)
6. For homework or an additional class, have students write out a timeline explaining their own winter count. (Intrapersonal and Verbal-Linguistic Intelligences)
|ATTACHMENTS:||Kira's Winter Count; Winter Count Rubric|