THE TRIUMPH OF THE CHURCH

 
 

Note (N.B.!!!):

A transcript of the exciting final lecture for this course is available right  here!!!!


POTENTIAL ID'S:

CONSTANTINE, EDICT OF MILAN, ARIANS, COUNCIL OF NICAEA, ECUMENICAL COUNCILS, JUSTIN MARTYR, ATHENAGORAS, ORIGEN

GENERALIZATION:

Constantine is one of the most important figures in the history of the church. The support he gave the church was certainly an important factor in the eventual triumph of Christianity over paganism. But while the political support of men like Constantine was important, there was something even more important to the success of the church--the triumph of Christian thinkers in the battle for the hearts and minds of men.

I. Introduction

II. The rise of Constantine

III. Constantine's services to the church

A. Edict of Milan

B. Other laws favoring Christianity

C. Establishment of Constantinople
 

IV. Constantine and church unity

A. Why unity important to Constantine

B. Council at Arles

C. Ecumenical Councils

1. Nicaea (Arian controversy)
2. Constantinople (Semi-arians: homoiousias vs. homoousias)
3. Ephesus (Nestorian controversy)
4. Chalcedon (Monophysite controversy)

D. Why controversies didn't end

E. Change brought about by tie of church and state
 

V. Christian thinkers

A. Justin Martyr

B. Tatian

C. Athenagoras

D. Origen
 

VI. The exciting conclusion to this course