Jigsaw learning is a widely practiced technique that is similar to
group-to-group exchange with one important difference: every single
student teaches something. It is an exciting alternative whenever
there is material to be learned that can be segmented or chunked and
when not one segment must be taught before the others. Each student
learns something which, when combined with the material learned by
others, forms a coherent body of knowledge or skill.
1. Choose learning material that can be broken into parts. A
segment can be as short as one sentence or as long as several pages.
-a multipoint handout
-a list of definitions
-a group of magazine-length articles or
other kins of short readings
2. Count the number of learning segments and the number of students.
In an equitable manner, give out different assignments to different
groups of students. For example, imagine a class of 12 students.
Assume that you can divide learning materials into three segments or
chunks. You might theb be able to form quartets, assigning each
group either segment 1, 2, or 3. Then, ask each quartet or study
group to read, discuss, and learn the material assigned to them.
3. After the study period, form "jigsaw learning" groups.
groups contain a representative of every study group in the class.
In the example just givin, the members of each quartet could count
off 1,2,3 and 4. Then form jigsaw learning groups of students with
the same number. The result will be four trios. In each trio will
be one person who has studied segment 1, one for segment 2, and one
for segment 3.
4. Ask the members of the jigsaw groups to teach each other what
they have learned.
5. Reconcene the full class for review and remaining questions
ensure accurate understanding.
HOLLYWOOD SQUARES REVIEW
This reviewing strategy is based on the TV quiz show Hollywood
1. Ask each student to write two or three questions pertaining to
the class subject matter. Qusestions can be in multiple-choice,
true/false, or fill-in-the-blank formats.
2. Collect the questions. If you wish, ass a few of your own.
3. Simulate the tic-tac-toe game show format used on Hollywood
Squares. Set three chairs in the front of the class. Ask three
volunteers to sit on the floor in front of the chairs, three to sit
in the chairs, and three to stand behind the chairs.
4. Give each of the nine "celebrities" a card with an X printed
one side and an O on the other to tape to their bodies after
answering a question.
5. Ask for two volunteers to serve as contestants. The contestents
pick members of the "celebrity" squares to answer the games
6. Ask the contestants questions in turns. The contestants
with agree or disagree to the panel's response as they try to form a
7. Remaining students not involved in the game are givin cards
say agree on one side and disagree on the other to flash to
contestants to aid in their decision making