Lesson Plan./Hunter Model
I. Anticipatory Set
Course: World History
Materials: Overhead projector, transparencies, textbook, books, and
Lesson: Ancient Egypt (mummification)
Estimated Time: Lecture (10-15 minutes)
Discussion (10-15 minutes)
Introduction: I will start with a general introduction of
myself. Next, I will talk about even though things change through time, they always seem to be based on the past. I will ask them to pay attention to any practices that seem similar to what we do today.
At the end of the lesson the studentís will be able to:
1. Describe the four main steps of mummification.
a. Removal of the brain.
b. Removal of viscera from the body cavity.
c. Drying of the body
2. Explain how the family initially reacted to the death of a loved one.
3. Describe the final funeral procession
4. Understand more about the Egyptianís beliefs about the afterlife.
5. Describe the final blessing given to the deceased before internment.
6. Compare and contrast the Ancient Egyptian burial practices with our burial practices today.
III. Lecture Outline (Ancient Egyptian Mummification)
A. Initial reaction to the death.
B. Time period/ people and tools involved.
1. ten weeks (seventy days)
2. Canopic Jars
? man, dog, jackal and hawk
3. Priest in charge represents Anubis.
? This god had a body of a man and the head of a jackal.
? The head priest wore the mask of Anubis
? All priests involved were completely shaven from head to toe.
C. Actual steps (4 main steps)
1. Removal of the brain
2. Removal of viscera from the body cavity (five inch cut)
? Ethiopian black stone
? Removed stomach, liver, kidneys, lungs and intestines. (placed in proper jars)
? Heart was generally left inside
3. The body is dried
? natron was placed in the body
? Once completely dried, the body was anointed with ointments, spices, and herbs.
? 150 yards of cloth were used.
? Special jewels were placed in special areas.
D. The funeral procession
? The priest blessed the body and it was ready for the afterlife.
? I want the students to be able to compare and contrast the burial practices of Ancient Egypt with our practices today.*
1. How is the initial reaction to the death of a loved one similar to
2. In what ways did the community help the family, and do they help today?
3. Does it talk longer today to prepare a body for burial?
4. How has the role of the priest changed from then to now?
5. In what ways is the preparation of the body the same today?
6. In what ways is the preparation different today from then?
7. Is the practice of a sealed coffin still used today?
8. How is the funeral procession different/same?
9. Is there a final blessing given today to the body of a loved one?
10. Who gives the final blessing?
Compare what is removed from the body today for burial, to what was removed back then?